Coughing is a reflex reaction of the body to irritation of the respiratory mucosa. The body tries to clear the airways with a forced (sharp, intensified) exhalation, which has a characteristic sound. Thus, coughing is a defensive reaction of the body. And at the same time it is a symptom of many diseases. The urges to cough mean that free breathing is disturbed for some reason, for example, due to the development of inflammation. Some people with this disease are helped by

Coughing comes in many different forms. The way we cough can help to identify the cause of the cough, to diagnose the disease that caused it. It is advisable to pay attention to the main characteristics of a cough in order to tell your doctor about them.

How long does the cough last?
To assess the clinical development of the disease, it is important to determine the nature of the cough. It can be acute, prolonged and chronic. An acute cough is considered an acute cough if it has been present for less than three weeks. Such a cough usually accompanies the development of acute respiratory diseases and serves to clear the airways of sputum. Acute cough is usually permanent; that is, as long as a person is sick, he coughs, and the decrease in the severity of the attacks and coughing cessation indicates recovery. If, however, the cough comes back after some time, we are talking about a prolonged cough. Lingering cough is a cough that lasts from 3 weeks to 3 months. Such cough (a month or more) means that the illness it provokes develops slowly and tends to become chronic. If the cough does not leave the person for more than 3 months, it qualifies as chronic. With a chronic cough, periods of exacerbation alternate with periods of remission (when there is no cough). Chronic cough is also characterized by fixation – the occurrence of cough at certain times of the day. Chronic cough is an alarming symptom because it is usually a sign of serious illness. A persistent cough loses its useful function and can itself be the cause of the development of some pathologies.

Is the cough strong or weak?
A strong cough usually corresponds to acute diseases. A milder cough (coughing) is common in chronic illnesses. An increased cough means an exacerbation of the disease.

Is my cough wet or dry?
A wet cough is accompanied by sputum, which is why it is also called a productive cough. Sputum removes germs and their products from the respiratory tract. With viral infections, the disease often begins with a dry cough, which later turns into a wet cough. The type of sputum is important. The appearance of pus in the sputum indicates the accession of a bacterial infection. An increase in its quantity may indicate an abscess rupture or worsening of the condition. An unfavorable sign is the appearance of blood in the sputum.

When does the cough appear?
The cough may not depend on the time of day, but in some cases the cough occurs in the morning or at night. If the cough is allergic in nature, its occurrence is usually triggered by contact with an allergen.

Other characteristics of the cough
Sometimes the cough is described as ringing, thoracic (in acute tracheitis), rough, “barking” (in laryngitis), deep, deaf (in chronic bronchitis).