Physiotherapy exercises can act as a means of preventing and treating diseases, as well as being part of rehabilitation measures after illnesses and injuries, especially when it comes to the musculoskeletal system. Any complexes of physiotherapy exercises have the greatest effect if performed regularly and in accordance with the recommendations of specialists.
Dosed walking is a type of remedial gymnastics that is most natural for the human body. It is often relevant at the stages of rehabilitation after various diseases, injuries and operations. The purpose of dosed walking is to optimize metabolism, improve the state of the respiratory and circulatory systems, and have a positive effect on the human nervous system.
Dosed walking sessions are conducted on level ground, while the length of the walks and the pace of walking gradually increase depending on the patient’s condition. Walking can be done at the following pace:
- Super slow (up to 3 km / h)
- Slow (up to 3.5 km / h)
- Medium (up to 5.6 km / h)
- Fast (up to 6.5 km / h)
- Very fast (over 6.5 km / h)
If the patient tolerates a smooth increase in loads, in the future, dosed walking can be supplemented with other physical exercises. However, it is recommended to do this only as directed by the attending physician, since an independent increase in the load can negatively affect the patient. The fact is that such successes create a deceptive feeling of a quick recovery, while the body’s systems may not be ready for significant physical exertion, so that too intense exercise can only harm the body’s recovery.
Therapeutic swimming is a form of exercise therapy that can be recommended for various diseases of the musculoskeletal system, to stabilize the neuropsychic state, as well as as a preventive measure or as a means of rehabilitation. Such therapy is carried out under the guidance of a specialist, since different swimming styles have certain indications and contraindications. For example, in case of scoliosis, the recommended style is the breast breaststroke, which is contraindicated if a person has an intervertebral hernia.
Swimming style, frequency and duration of sessions are selected individually based on the patient’s condition. Much also depends on how much a person has swimming skills; even as adults, some cannot swim at all. During the lessons, a variety of additional equipment can be involved, for example, fins, swimming boards, and more.
Just as in the case of medical gymnastics, swimming classes can be held in an individual, group and independent form. At the same time, group lessons are usually held in groups with a small number of people, no more than 7 people. Therapeutic swimming can be combined with other types of physical activity.
Physiotherapy and physiotherapy exercises
Physiotherapy exercises are very often used in combination with physiotherapy methods, which, if used correctly, can significantly increase the effectiveness of physiotherapy exercises. Methods such as galvanization, electrophoresis, electrical stimulation, pulse therapy, exposure to heat and some other options can be used as part of the so-called therapeutic triad, which includes physiotherapy, exercise therapy and massage. Basically, there are two options for using these three methods:
A session of physiotherapy exercises, followed by a massage, and after a while (from half an hour to 1.5 hours) – the necessary physiotherapy procedure.
Physiotherapy, after a couple of hours – exercise therapy, after completion of massage.
To maintain certain time intervals in both cases is required in order to prevent overloading the body. For certain diseases, it is possible to combine exercise therapy, massage and physiotherapy in a different order.